English remains the most popular language to learn on Duolingo, followed by Spanish, French, German, Japanese, Korean, Italian, Hindi, and Chinese.

Korean is the biggest mover in the ranking, rising from 10th place in 2022 to 6th place in 2023. Brazil, along with the United States and India, are among the countries that have seen the most interest in Korean.

Portuguese also made its debut in the top 10, rising from 12th place in 2022. Duolingo attributes this increase to people wanting to connect with others from Portugal and Brazil, as well as to prepare for travel.

The war in Ukraine is also having an impact on language learning. Of the new learners on Duolingo worldwide, 37% are learning Ukrainian, a higher growth rate than for more popular languages.

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In Sweden, for the first time since Duolingo began publishing its language report, Swedish is no longer the most popular language to learn. Spanish has taken its place.

Age is also a factor in language learning choices. The report found that Generation Z is more likely to choose languages for “personal reasons,” including political preferences, and is more likely to learn Asian languages. Older learners, such as baby boomers, tend to have longer streaks on Duolingo, meaning they complete lessons consecutively every day in the same language. They are also less likely to abandon courses and prefer a more consistent curriculum.

Finally, the report found that the countries with the highest percentage of people learning three or more languages are Finland, Germany, and the United Kingdom.

List

  • English
  • Spanish
  • French
  • German
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Italian
  • Hindi
  • Chinese
  • Portuguese

Additional information

  • The Duolingo Languages Report is based on data from over 500 million learners worldwide.
  • The report is published annually and provides insights into the trends in language learning.

Analysis

The Duolingo Languages Report 2023 provides some interesting insights into the state of language learning in the world. The continued popularity of English is not surprising, given its status as the lingua franca of the globalized world. However, the rise of Korean and Portuguese is notable. Korean is becoming increasingly popular due to the growing influence of South Korean culture, while Portuguese is becoming more important as Brazil’s economy grows and its population becomes more diverse.

The war in Ukraine is also having a significant impact on language learning. The increase in interest in Ukrainian is a natural response to the conflict, as people around the world seek to learn more about the country and its people.

Finally, the report’s findings about age and language learning choices are also worth noting. Generation Z is more likely to choose languages for personal reasons, such as their interest in a particular culture or their political views. Older learners, on the other hand, tend to be more focused on practical applications of language learning, such as travel or business.